Until recently with projects such as Wayland, serious alternatives to x11drv weren't even on the horizon so development has focused on X.
However, Wine's interface with the graphics driver is designed to be abstract so supporting future graphics systems will hopefully be straight-forward.
Use the version that works best with the particular applications you want to run. In most cases, this will be the latest development version; however, in some cases it may take some experimenting to find it.
Wine development is rapid, with new releases in the development branch every two weeks or so. Functionality will usually be best with the most recent development version, however, there are cases where changes to existing code in Wine cause applications that worked well in older versions to not work in the new one these are called regressions , as well as problems caused by the introduction of new, but as-yet-incomplete and untested, functions.
A good rule of thumb is to start with the version of Wine installed with your distro and see if that works with the applications you want to use.
If it does, good! If it doesn't, upgrade. If you find an existing bug marked STAGED, this means there is a patch for the problem in wine-staging the experimental branch , and you should try the latest version in that branch.
If there are known bugs without a STAGED patch or easy workaround, upgrade to the most recent version of Wine known to work for your application.
While Wine does have a "stable" branch, the term "stable" refers to the branch as a whole, which is infrequently updated, and for the minor stable releases only with bugfixes promised not to break functionality.
Users of a development or staging release can achieve the same degree of stability by simply not upgrading. Note that user support for the stable branch is limited to the ability to file AppDB test reports.
The current stable, development, and staging releases are listed on the WineHQ home page. Consult your distro's support channels for help using your package manager and interpreting any error messages you may be receiving if you're having problems with distro packages.
Yes, but you will have to build Wine yourself see Building Wine , as it is not possible to have multiple distro packages installed.
The easiest way to do this is to run Wine from the build directory don't do make install. If you want to actually install multiple versions, use --prefix when building Wine to designate a different install directory for each version, e.
On Linux, even this step is not enough: Note that regardless of whether you install multiple versions or run them from the build directory, you will still have to designate which version of Wine you wish to use when running applications.
It is also recommended that applications being run with different Wine versions be installed into separate wineprefixes.
WineHQ binary packages are available for 64 bit, and most major distros package it for users. Normally, installation should be as simple as installing the Wine package for your distribution through your package manager.
Check the Download page. If you are building Wine from source, see Building Wine for instructions on how to build 32 bit Wine on a 64 bit system and instructions on how to build 64 bit Wine in a shared WoW64 setup.
If you have replaced the customized distro that came preinstalled on your netbook Xandros, Linpus, etc. If you are still using Xandros eeePC , Linpus Acer Aspire One or any other customized distro, you will have to ask on your netbook's support forum.
Only other users of those distros can advise you on what, if any, binary packages will work on your system, where to find them, and how to install them.
You can also try building Wine from source following the instructions in Building Wine , but you will still need to consult your netbook's support forum regarding satisfying dependencies on your particular system.
No, not even in Linux. The Darwine project was an effort to do just that, but it has not been maintained in many years. Uninstalling Wine itself will not revert your Wine settings or uninstall your Windows apps, which are permanently stored in your user's home directory.
Do not uninstall Wine if you only wish to remove all of your settings and apps. For instructions on removing your Wine settings and apps, see How do I wipe the virtual Windows installation?
To uninstall 64 bit applications, including wine-mono, you need to run it with wine The uninstaller should remove menu and desktop entries To clean Open With List , please carefully paste the following commands into a terminal:.
You can remove your virtual Windows installation and start from scratch by deleting the hidden. This will remove all of your Wine settings and Windows applications.
The simplest and safest way to do this is through your file manager. Simply set your file manager to show hidden files, browse to your home directory, and delete.
If you want to keep it as a backup, you can rename or move it instead. To the host system, a wineprefix is just another directory that can be deleted, moved, renamed, etc.
If you prefer to do it from the command line, carefully paste the following commands into a terminal:. To remove these leftover menu entries, carefully paste the following commands into a terminal:.
Alternatively, you can stop Wine from creating menu entries in the first place. Applications usually have a setup or installer program.
Wine is not designed to interact with an existing Windows installation. If you have any data you need from a Windows installation, browse your Windows filesystems in your normal file manager and copy the data to another location.
Do not try to configure Wine to point to your actual Windows C: This will break Windows and require a Windows reinstall. We have tried to make this hard to do, so you probably cannot do it by accident.
The only way to fix Windows after this has happened is to reinstall it. See Wine User's Guide Running. Use winetricks to install whatever version of.
NET the program requires, cd to the directory containing the. Note that this change will have to be made every time you upgrade Wine, as it will be reverted whenever the wineprefix is updated.
You can then start native applications using wine cmd if you specify the full path or use the shell, e. You might also need winepath to translate the filename from Windows format to Linux format see How do I associate a native program with a file type in Wine?
Usually, you really don't have enough free disk space. You can check by running:. If the amount of space you need is less than 1 GB, and df reports you have more than 1 GB available, try setting the Windows version to Windows This will work around bugs in some old Windows 98 era installers that could not cope with large drives.
If you want to use a different partition that has more free space, use a wineprefix that is located on the other partition.
Note that your other partition must be a Unix filesystem: See How can I run two programs as if they were on different computers?
If double-clicking doesn't work, you might need to right-click the file and choose "Run with Wine". It depends on your file manager. If that also doesn't work, contact whoever built your Wine packages and let them know there's a problem.
You can work around this by using the command line instead of your file manager see Wine User's Guide How to run Windows programs from the command line.
If the dialog says "Read about the executable bit", with a hyperlink, try clicking on the hyperlink and reading about the executable bit.
Wine is not an application you run. Wine enables your computer to run Windows applications. Simply install and run your applications as you would in Windows.
See How do I run an installer using Wine? Doing so gives Windows programs and viruses full access to your computer and every piece of media attached to it.
If you have run Wine with sudo you need to fix the permission errors as described in the next question, and then run winecfg to set Wine up again.
You should always run Wine as the normal user you use to login. For Linux systems, all ideas that Wine needs root can be solved through Posix Capabilities or Posix File Capabilities or correcting other security settings.
As far as Windows programs are concerned, you are running with administrator privileges. If an application complains about a lack of administrator privileges, file a bug; running Wine as root probably won't help.
Once you delete or fix the permissions on this directory, rerun Wine as a regular user always! Open up a terminal and run wine --version.
It will say something like "wine You can find out what the latest release of Wine is from WineHQ's main page. Currently, Wine development releases come out every two weeks.
Your operating system may ship with an out of date obsolete version of Wine. Depending on what OS you use, you may be able to add an update source to your package management system to keep up to date.
Check the Download page for details. Wine uses a virtual C: The directory in which this is located is called a 'wineprefix.
By default, it's in your home directory's. To do this, run something like the following in a terminal:. You can rename, move, copy and delete prefixes without affecting others, and each prefix has its own wineserver instance.
At present there are some significant bugs that prevent many 32 bit applications from working in a 64 bit wineprefix. In a terminal, type:.
Wine must create it. Once a 32 bit wineprefix is created, you no longer have to specify WINEARCH in the command line to use it, as the architecture of an existing wineprefix cannot be changed.
If you are on a 64 bit system, you will have to create a 32 bit wineprefix to be able to select a version of Windows older than XP in winecfg.
Using different wineprefixes will help you here, since they simulate two Windows computers, in essence. You can do this with winecfg. Add the application in the Applications tab and then, in the Graphics tab, enable "Emulate a virtual desktop".
Changing name allows you to open several desktops simultaneously. The Wine registry is stored in the. Always use the regedit program that comes with Wine.
This can be run by typing wine regedit in the terminal. Wine's regedit is virtually identical to the Windows version of regedit and also supports importing and exporting of registry files.
There are two ways using which you can associate a native program with a file type. The first method is to use winebrowser and an alternative would be to write a shell script.
The example below uses winebrowser to launch the default PDF handler on your system on a Unix desktop it uses xdg-open. Save the lines below to a file pdf.
Another option is to use a shell script to call a native application. Otherwise it will not work. You can reuse this script and just edit the registry file.
For example to associate. Checking it enables winemenbuilder to create file associations and unchecking it disables that behavior. Users of older Wine versions and those who also want to disable the creation of menu items can accomplish this by disabling winemenubuilder.
There are several ways to do this:. Wine includes a GUI crash dialog that is turned on by default. Users of apps that work despite a background crash may find the GUI dialog annoying, and in some cases the dialog itself has been reported to prevent an app from working.
The easiest way to disable the crash dialog is with winetricks:. Support for subpixel font rendering was added to Wine in version 1.
Use winetricks and select one of the fontsmooth-gray, fontsmooth-rgb or fontsmooth-bgr options. First, you should try editing with winecfg.
Go to the Graphics tab, and slide the "Screen Resolution" slider accordingly. Changes will not effect the winecfg window until you restart it. If windows and fonts are so big you can't get to the controls in winecfg, see Wine's windows and fonts are extremely large.
On many Linux distributions, configuring a network proxy, e. Alternatively, you can configure a proxy in the registry. There are separate locations for wininet.
For winhttp, you'll need to use the proxycfg. This utility is available in the system32 directory of a Windows installation, and MSDN describes its usage.
Most of Wine's development effort is geared towards programs written for the Windows GUI, but some limited support for character mode is available with the "null" driver.
Wine automatically activates "null" whenever x11driver isn't loaded, but even then, Wine depends on the xorg libraries. Also the "null" driver will only work for pure console applications that never use any windowing functions for example, parts of OLE create purely internal windows.
Console User Interface for more information. Wine does not currently allow sharing its configuration "prefixes" between users, due to the risk of registry corruption from running multiple wineservers simultaneously bug At present, applications must be installed separately for each user.
However, you can copy Wine prefixes; you can install everything to one prefix, then make a copy of it in each user's home directory.
This saves running installers repeatedly. Wine requires your hardware to already be working on your operating system.
The technical reason for this is that Wine, like most applications, runs in user mode and not kernel mode.
Just because Wine runs on a non-Windows OS doesn't mean you're protected from viruses, trojans, and other forms of malware.
Wine does not sandbox in any way at all. When run under Wine, a Windows app can do anything your user can.
Wine does not and cannot stop a Windows app directly making native syscalls, messing with your files, altering your startup scripts, or doing other nasty things.
Note that the winetricks sandbox verb merely removes the desktop integration and Z: It protects against errors rather than malice. It's useful for, e.
The problem is that these programs conflict with Wine over the display driver. Disable these programs before using any applications with Wine especially games, or when noticing weird window problems.
Recent versions of Wine will prompt you to download wine-mono on wineprefix creation. NET apps, particularly older ones, this is sufficient. You can install it by running winetricks and selecting the appropriate.
Wine itself provides a DirectX implementation that, although it has a few bugs left, should run fine. Wine supports DirectX 9. Work on DirectX 10 is underway.
If you attempt to install Microsoft's DirectX, you will run into problems. It is not recommended nor supported by Wine HQ to attempt this. You can install the runtime, but it will not run.
The runtime needs access to the Windows drivers, and Wine cannot access them for obvious reasons. Additionally, versions of these DLLs are now part of the Wine tree.
So, as Wine improves these DLLs will only become less relevant. That said, there are some guides out there which describe how you can install Microsoft's DirectX.
Furthermore it is considered off topic in Wine HQ support mediums such as the forums. Wine uses the core of Firefox to implement its own Internet Explorer replacement wine-gecko.
Recent versions of Wine should prompt you to install it on wineprefix creation. In most cases Wine's IE replacement wine-gecko is sufficient.
If you really need the real IE for a specific application to work, use winetricks to install ie6, ie7 or ie8. You should put IE in a separate wineprefix , with whatever app really needs it.
Note that the Wine project does not support installing the real Internet Explorer, as it requires a huge number of native DLLs, which is hard to configure.
Please do not ask the Wine project for help if you run into problems. Copy protection uses several "dirty" methods to detect if discs are "real" or not.
Some of these methods work in Wine but many do not, such as the extremely invasive StarForce system. Wine would need to be altered to allow for almost rootkit-like functionality of programs to get some of these copy protection schemes to work, so support is likely to be a long time off if ever some people use illegally modified or "cracked" games with the copy protection removed, but the Wine project cannot advocate that.
There are many unofficial howtos for various apps posted on blogs and forums. They are rarely maintained by their authors, and because of Wine's rapid rate of development, even ones that were correct at the time they were posted can quickly become outdated.
Applying tweaks that are no longer needed in current Wine can actually prevent an app that now runs fine without tweaks from working at all Office is a prime example.
The only howtos supported here are the ones on this site. If you insist on following an outside one, ask its author for help.
If in doubt, start again installing the app in a fresh wineprefix and ask for help on the user forum.
Consult the support channels for whatever third party application you used. Links to some of these outside applications are provided as a convenience on the Third Party Applications page, but they are not supported here.
This is called a regression. Please perform a regression test to identify which patch caused it, then file a bug report and add the "regression" keyword: Briefly, you can improve Wine yourself, convince someone else to do it for you, or try some complicated hacks involving native Windows DLLs rather than Wine's unfinished ones.
This is a bad idea. See the Developer FAQ. See 3D Driver Issues for more information. Actually, Wine is sometimes faster. Curate Guido Braun is a slightly unconventional Catholic priest from Bavaria.
Mundane bishop Himmelrath and his equally ambitious right hand keep posting Braun in different parishes all Otto, a young man from East-Frisia comes to the big city Hamburg to make his fortune.
Most of all he is engaged with two problems: How can he impress Silvia, a rich young girl, and where This is a show from the wonderful mind of Michael 'Bully' Herbig.
A compalation of different sketches including Abahachi und Ranger or Unser Traumschiff. Private Investigator Brenner is handling a case at the grill-station "Löschenkohl".
There he finds - besides some chicken - also other meat Otto loses his flat, because he could not pay the rent.
To work off his rent arrears he is doing dirty work for the caretaker. Just now Gaby moves into the house and Otto falls in love, but Gaby has eyes only for Amboss the bodybuilder.
In each episode the advise team has to solve approx. If they haven't succeeded within a given time with each individual question , the watcher who sent this question wins Euros.
A veteran cop with more than twenty years of experience is teamed with a young Inspector to solve crimes in San Francisco, California.
One day, Abahachi needs to take up a credit from the Shoshone Indians to Hauptkommissar Benno Berghammer is an institution in Bad Tölz.
If one believes the series, than there might be nowhere else in this world such a density of murder-cases like in this spa village that lives basically from tourism.
But Berghammer is not only the cleaning instance of crime, he is also and mostly the standard measure for the preservation of Bavarian culture.
When a client tells him that he was arrested in Hamburg because he got into a fight with someone telling that a specific Bavarian beer tastes like that yellow secretive liquid, Berghammer's answer is that for his heroic deed he would have earned a reward in Bavaria.
In a time where everything changes, the "Bull" is like a stone in the rivers, immovable but a steady value and guarantee for consistency and controllability.
In dealing with him, nobody has to fear bad surprises. Big as a Bavarian mountain, he also represents thrust and faithfulness, like a high mountain he is also a landmark and emblem for a land that has survived the storms of the European wars between then Migration Period and the Turkish Inundation that basically affected Northern Germany.
And last but by no means least: There is nobody as capable and predestined to play the character of Berghammer as Ottfried Fischer is: Shy towards blonde women, aggressive against his mother,sarcastic and cynical against any form of stupidity, splendidly intelligent up to metaphysical dimensions.
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Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. The Bull of Tölz is commissioned by Sat.Audible Die angegebene Audio Books. Compression reduces response times by reducing the size of the HTTP response. See the 7u25 release notes for more information. For example the Yahoo! Note that regardless of whether you install multiple versions or run them from the build directory, you will still have to designate which version of Wine you wish to use when running applications. First, this download will block parallel downloads. In Internet Explorer, if an external script is included twice and is not cacheable, it generates two HTTP requests during page loading. The problem is that in this context, formel qualifying empty string is clearly unintentional. Check the Download page for details. Recent versions of Wine should prompt you to install it on wineprefix creation. For instance, if you install an app that starts a service when the system boots, and that service crashes, you'll see a crash every time you start abdou. About The Author Yozshukasa. Im Regelfall wurden die Bustransporte  zentral organisiert, nur in Ausnahmefällen wurde auf öffentliche Verkehrsmittel zurückgegriffen. In an die Anstalten angeschlossenen Standesämtern wurden Todesurkunden mit erfundenen Krankengeschichten für natürliche Todesursachen ausgestellt, wobei z. Wireless Plattenspieler Vinyl 5. Die vier Gutachter fällten die Entscheidungen, poker rangliste den Patienten gesehen zu haben. Dort hatten sie offiziell von der Tötung Geisteskranker erfahren und danach widerspruchslos die Anordnung befolgt, Strafanzeigen unbearbeitet ans Reichsjustizministerium abzugeben. Zur Täuschung der Opfer waren die Gaskammern mit Brauseköpfen ausgestattet. Es gelten unsere AGBs, [ Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Nach wurden Mahnmale errichtet, die sich insbesondere an Mediziner und Forscher wenden: Promi big brother 2019 online wurde am Brandenburg an der Havel. Es werden nur die Cookies gesetzt, die für die technische Ausführung dieser Website unabdingbar sind. Anzeigen 16 32 48 96 Nach wurden rund Die mit den Zopim-Technologien erhobenen Daten werden ohne die gesondert erteilte Zustimmung des Betroffenen nicht dazu benutzt, den Besucher dieser Website persönlich zu identifizieren und nicht mit personenbezogenen Daten über den Träger des Pseudonyms zusammengeführt. Nach gesamtweltcup ski alpin damen Mahnmale errichtet, die sich insbesondere an Mediziner ehome Forscher wenden: